Managing Complex Change

Vision Skills Incentives Resources Action Plan Result
Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Change
No Yes Yes Yes Yes Confusion
Yes No Yes Yes Yes Anxiety
Yes Yes No Yes Yes Resistance
Yes Yes Yes No Yes Frustration
Yes Yes Yes Yes No False Starts
Adapted from Knoster, T., Villa R., & Thousand, J. (2000).  A framework for thinking about systems change.  In R. Villa & J. Thousand (Eds.), Restructuring for caring and effective education: Piecing the puzzle together (pp. 93-128).  Baltimore: Paul H. Brookes Publishing Co.

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